§ 23-421. Permitted and special exception uses allowed in zoning districts.  


Effective on Tuesday, October 20, 2020
  • The types of uses allowed in the various standard zoning districts shall be as set forth in Table 23-421. Uses not listed on the table or not shown as permitted (P), special exception (S), or planned development project (PDP) are prohibited. No variances shall be granted to allow uses not otherwise allowed in a zoning district, except that housing types other than single-family may be allowed in a planned development project (PDP) approved pursuant to section 23-224.

    a. Permitted uses. Permitted uses require approval by the administrative official in accordance with section 23-212, verification of zoning compliance.

    b. Conditional uses. Uses marked with an asterisk (*) are conditional uses that require approval by the administrative official subject to the conditions for the specific use set forth in article III, division 2, conditional use regulations.

    c. Special exception uses. Special exception uses may be approved by the planning board in accordance with the procedures in section 23-216, special exception use permit.

    TABLE 23-421 
    PERMITTED USES AND SPECIAL EXCEPTION USES IN STANDARD ZONING DISTRICTS

     

     

    P - Permitted Use S - Special Exception Use PDP - Planned Development Project

     

    R-1A

    R-1B

    R-1C

    R-1D

    R-2

    R-3

    PF

    PDMU

    C-1/
    C-1A

    C-2

    C-2R

    C-3

    C-4

    C-51

    LCI

    BP

    I-1

    I-2

    CN

    R

    RESIDENTIAL

    Dwelling: Single-family

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    MDP    

    P

       

    P

               

    Dwelling: Two-family

           

    P

    P

    P

    MDP    

    P

       

    P

               

    Dwelling: Multi-family (up to 12 units on one parcel)

             

    P

    P

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

               

    Dwelling: Multi-family (more than 12 units/parcel)

             

    PDP

    PDP

    MDP

    PDP

    PDP

    PDP

    PDP

     

    PDP

               

    Dwelling unit for caretaker employed on premises

               

    S

    MDP

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

     

    Dwelling, accessory to single-family house*

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    MDP

    P

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

               

    Mixed-use - residential and nonresidential

               

    S

    MDP

    P

    P

    S

    PDP2

     

    PDP

               

    AMUSEMENT ESTABLISHMENTS

    Amusement establishment—Indoor

                  MDP

    S

    S

    S

    P

    S

    S

         

    S

       

    Amusement establishment—Outdoor

                  MDP  

    S

     

    S

     

    S

         

    S

       

    Indoor shooting ranges

                  MDP      

    P

       

    P

    P

    P

    P

       

    Movie theater— Indoor

                  MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

         

    P

       

    AUTOMOTIVE USES*

    Auto and truck rental

                  MDP

    S

    P

    S

    P

     

    S

    P

       

    P

       

    Auto and truck repair

                  MDP

    S

    S

    S

    S

     

    S

    S

     

    S

    S

       

    Auto, truck, or motor cycle dealer

                  MDP

    S

    S

    S

    P

     

    S

    P

    P

     

    P

       

    Auto parking establishments (principal use)

               

    S

     

    P

    P

    S

    P

     

    S

    P

    P

    P

    P

       

    Auto service station

                  MDP

    S

    S

    S

    P

     

    S

         

    S

       

    Car wash

                  MDP  

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

       

    S

       

    Recreational vehicle, mobile home, or boat dealers

                  MDP  

    S

    S

    P

     

    S

    P

    S

    P

    P

       

    EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL

    Club7

               

    S

    MDP

    P

    P

    S

    P

    S

    S

    P

             

    Cultural facilities

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

     

    P

    Day care center3*

             

    S

    P

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

               

    Religious establishment

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

         

    P

       

    Schools, athletic or music

               

    S

    MDP

    S

    P

    S

    P

     

    S

    S

    P

     

    S

       

    Schools, post secondary

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    MDP

    S

    S

    S

    S

     

    S

     

    S

     

    S

       

    Schools, primary-secondary

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

               

    Schools, training (other than athletic or music)

               

    S

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

    S

    P

     

    P

       

    FARMING/OTHER AGRICULTURAL

    Farming, crop4 or nursery without retail sales

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    Nursery, plant with retail sales

                  MDP  

    P

    S

    P

     

    S

    S

    S

    P

    P

       

    FOOD AND BEVERAGE BUSINESSES (See section 23-342 and chapter 5 for regulations on alcoholic beverages.)

    Bar, wine and beer7

                  MDP

    P -
    C1-A
    only

                         

    Catering facility

                  MDP

    S

    P

    S

    P

     

    S

    P

    S

    P

    P

       

    Food processing

                  MDP            

    P

    S

    P

    P

       

    Mobile Food Vending/Mobile Food Dispensing Vehicles *

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    MDP

    P

     

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

    P

    P

     

     

     

    Restaurants, eat-in5, 7

               

    S

    MDP

    P

    P

    S

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

     

    P

       

    Restaurants, drive-up

                  MDP  

    S

     

    P

     

    S

               

    Restaurant, outdoor cafe7

               

    S

    MDP

    P

    P

    S

    P

    P

    P

               

    Restaurant, take-out5

                  MDP

    P

    P

    S

    P

    P

    P

     

    S

    S

    P

       

    HEALTH CARE

    Health service

               

    P

    MDP

    S

    P

    S

    P

     

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

       

    Hospitals

               

    P

    MDP  

    S

     

    P

       

    P

    S

           
    Medical Marijuana Dispensaries and Treatment Centers *             P MDP       P                

    Medical office (one practitioner)

               

    P

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

           

    Nursing care homes*

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    P

    MDP

    S

    S

    S

    P

     

    S

         

    S

       

    Veterinarian or small animal hospital

               

    S

    MDP  

    P

    S

    P

     

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

       

    Animal hospital

                  MDP  

    S

     

    P

       

    P

    P

     

    S

       

    LODGINGS

    Bed and breakfast (accessory to single-family)*

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    MDP

    S

     

    S

       

    S

               

    Boarding house

           

    S

    S

    S

    MDP

    S

     

    S

       

    S

               

    Dormitory

             

    S

    S

    MDP

    S

    S

    S

    S

     

    S

               

    Hotel

                  MDP

    P

    P/S

    S

    P

     

    P/S

    S

    P

     

    S

       

    Motel

                  MDP  

    S

    S

     

     

    S

    S

     

     

    S

       

    INDUSTRIAL USES

    Assembly and fabrication

                  MDP            

    P

    P

    P

    P

       

    Laundry and dry cleaning plants

                  MDP            

    P

    S

    P

    P

       

    Manufacturing—Light

                  MDP            

    P

    P

    P

    P

       

    Manufacturing—Heavy

                                   

    S

    S

       

    Warehouse

                  MDP            

    P

    P

    P

    P

       

    PROFESSIONAL AND COMMERCIAL USES**

    Artisan Production, small scale

                  MDP S S   P S S P P        

    Artisan Production, large scale

                  MDP       P     P P        

    Bank

               

    P

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

     

    P

       

    Bank with drive-up window

               

    S

    MDP

    S

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

     

    P

       

    Construction support—Light

                  MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

       

    Construction support—Heavy

                     

    S

     

    S

       

    S

    S

    S

    S

       

    Funeral home

               

    P

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

     

    P

    S

       

    P

       

    Kennel

                  MDP      

    S

       

    S

     

    S

    S

       

    Laboratory, research

               

    S

    MDP  

    P

    S

    P

       

    P

    P

    P

    P

       

    Landscaping service

                  MDP  

    S

     

    S

       

    P

    S

    P

    P

       

    Laundromat*

             

    S

      MDP

    S

    P

    S

    P

    S

    S

         

    P

       

    Mini-storage

             

    S

    S

    MDP  

    P

    S

    P

    S

    S

    P

    P

    P

    P

       

    Office, professional (except medical)

               

    P

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

       

    Personal service

             

    S

    S

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    S

       

     

       

    STORES (See section 23-342 and chapter 5 for regulations on alcoholic beverages.)

    Convenience store (incl. groceries, drugs, or liquor)

                  MDP

    P

    S

    S

    P

    P

    P

               

    Convenience store with gasoline service

                  MDP

    S

    S

    S

    P

    S

    S

         

    S

       

    Outdoor display or sales (as principal or accessory use)6

                  MDP

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

    S

       

    Store, retail — up to 1,500 sq. ft./store

                  MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    S

       

    P

       

    Store, retail - up to 12,500 sq. ft./store

                  MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

         

    P

       

    Store, retail - from 12,500 to 100,000 sq. ft./store

                  MDP

    S

    P

    S

    P

     

    P

               

    Store, retail - from 100,000 to 300,000 sq. ft./store

                  MDP

    S

       

    P

     

    S

               

    PUBLIC AND GOVERNMENT

    Aircraft establishment

                                   

    P

    P

       

    Airports, heliports and related aviation facilities

                                 

    S

    S

    S

       

    Public facilities and offices**

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    MDP

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    P

    Public transportation terminals

                  MDP

    S

    S

    S

    P

    S

    S

     

    S

    P

    P

       

    * See special conditions for this use in article III, division 2 Conditional Use Regulations.

    For conditions for a dwelling unit accessory to a single-family dwelling, see Table 23-521, Accessory Uses - Residential Properties.

    ** Public facilities and offices are permitted uses in all districts with the approval by the city commission and a courtesy review and recommendation from the planning board.

    1 A development in a C-5 zoning district requires approval as a Planned Development Project. (See section 23-224.)

    Mixed-use and multi-family development may be approved through the PDP process only if consistent with the policies of the Comprehensive Plan for the Future Land Use classification of the property. Standards in section 23-445 apply to all mixed-use planned developments and those in section 23-443 apply to all residential planned developments.

    3 A "day care home," a day care facility with 4 or fewer clients (See definition in article VIII) is a permitted use accessory to a single-family house pursuant to section 23-521.

    4 A farm stand is permitted as accessory to an agricultural use.

    A restaurant may be permitted as accessory to a nonresidential use pursuant to section 23-541.

    For exceptions, see section 23-343 "Auctions, sales, and events, temporary" and section 23-355 "Yard sales."

    See also section 23-353, Conditional use regulations for "outdoor seating areas" and section 23-342 for Conditional use regulations on alcoholic beverages.

    8 C-2 zoning districts in the RAC land use category only.

    9 Planned Development Mixed Use development may be approved through the MDP process only if consistent with Policy 2.18 of the Comprehensive Plan and Section 23-450.
                                                 

    NOTES: 

      •Conversion of a dwelling unit to a non-residential use requires a special exception use permit, regardless of whether the new use is a permitted (P) or special exception use (S).

      •Outdoor storage in BP, I-1, and I-2 is allowed with site plan approval.

      •Outdoor display and sales at an otherwise permitted business or enterprise are subject to conditions in Sec. 23-343.

      •Planned Development Projects may be approved in any district per the procedure set forth in section 23-224  and per the regulations set forth in section 23-443.

      •The addition of an accessory use to a property where the principal use is a special exception use requires is considered an expansion of the special exception use requiring a new  special exception use permit prior to construction or commencement of the use. (See also section 23-501, accessory uses and structures).

      •Outdoor seating for any establishment must meet conditional use regulations in section 23-353.

(Ord. No. 2005-47, § 1, 10-18-05; Ord. No. 2007-02, § 12, 3-6-07; Ord. No. 2007-33, § 3, 9-4-07; Ord. No. 2008-04, § 9, 2-19-08; Ord. No. 2008-45, §§ 15, 16, 12-16-08; Ord. No. 2009-174, § 2, 10-20-09; Ord. No. 2010-11, § 3, 6-15-10; Ord. No. 2011-04, § 3, 3-1-11; Ord. No. 2012-02, § 1, 2-21-12; Ord. No. 2015-04, § 9, 7-7-15; Ord. No. 2017-05, § 2, 4-18-17; Ord. No. 2017-19, § 1, 10-17-17; Ord. No. 2018-07, § 4, 09-19-18; Ord. No. 2019-12,§ 1, 09-24-19; Ord. No. 2020-06,§ 2, 06-02-20; Ord. No. 2020-27 1, 10-20-20)