§ 23-306. Off-street parking and vehicular access.  


Effective on Tuesday, November 21, 2017
  • Off-street parking in compliance with this section shall be provided for all nonresidential and residential uses. All vehicles shall be parked in approved parking areas and shall not be parked in unpaved areas except in the rear yards of single-family houses or duplexes or as specifically approved pursuant to a site plan review under section 23-222.5. Parking on grassed areas for special events in public recreation areas is not regulated under this chapter.

    Construction or alteration of any off-street parking areas and curb cuts for vehicular access requires compliance with this section and site plan approval under section 23-222 except that driveways for single-family houses and duplexes may be approved under section 23-215, land alteration permit. Waivers of strict compliance with this section may be granted by the planning board pursuant to section 23-222.5.

    Any existing use not provided with conforming off-street parking space shall conform with the requirements of this ordinance at the time of any alteration or expansion of the use.

    Sec. 23-306.1 Location of off-street parking areas.

    a. Parking areas must be located on the premises of the land use they serve, except that a parking area may be approved by the administrative official on a separate site within four hundred (400) feet of the use it serves. The administrative official may require a deed, lease, or other reasonable proof to document that the off-premises parking area is available for long-term use.

    b. Required parking spaces may be consolidated into a large parking area serving several uses. Such off-premises parking areas shall be maintained, regulated, and enforced as if they were on the premises served.

    c. Parking areas serving nonresidential uses shall not be located or extend into residential zoning districts unless a special permit is granted pursuant to section 23-216. Existing parking areas serving nonconforming uses in residential districts shall not be expanded unless a special permit is granted.

    Sec. 23-306.2 Layout off-street parking areas.

    a. Access points/curb cuts. All off-street parking areas must have access from a street, except that access from an alley may be approved by the planning board for small parking areas.

    1. Single-family houses and duplexes.

    A. Each dwelling unit may have a driveway per street frontage with a curb cut not exceeding twenty-four (24) feet in width and measured at the property line .

    B. One circular driveway may be permitted per single-family or duplex lot with curb cuts not exceeding twelve (12) feet in width measured at the property line and a minimum of twenty-four (24) feet between curb cuts.

    C. Curb cuts shall be located at least two-thirds (2/3) of the distance of the lot frontage or one hundred (100) feet, whichever is less, from any intersecting roadways.

    D. The minimum length of a driveway shall be twenty-five (25) feet measured from the property line.

    2. Multi-family and nonresidential buildings except auto and truck repair and auto service stations.

    A. Parking areas with access drives are required for multi-family and nonresidential buildings; spaces requiring vehicles to back into the street are prohibited.

    B. Parking areas for multi-family and nonresidential buildings may be permitted one (1) curb cut not exceeding thirty-six (36) feet in width, or two (2) curb cuts each not exceeding twenty-four (24) feet in width per frontage on a street or access road interior to a development.

    C. All curb cuts shall be located at least one hundred (100) feet or two-thirds (2/3) the distance of the lot frontage, whichever is less, from the intersection of any right-of-way of streets or a street and a railroad.

    D. The minimum distance between a curb cut and a side or rear property line shall be fifteen (15) feet.

    3. Auto and truck repair or auto service stations.

    A. Two (2) curb cuts, not exceeding thirty-six (36) feet in width are permitted per street frontage.

    B. Curb cuts shall be located at least fifty (50) feet from any intersection of streets or access roads interior to a development.

    C. There shall be a minimum distance of thirty (30) feet between any two (2) access points serving one (1) property.

    b. Paving and marking. All driveways and parking areas shall be paved with asphalt, concrete, or other stable paving material unless paving is specifically waived by the planning board pursuant to section 23-222.5. Parking areas shall be striped or otherwise marked to designate individual parking spaces. Wheel stops, curbing, or other barriers shall be provided at the head of parking spaces and curbing shall be provided around landscaped islands to prevent vehicles from encroaching on landscaped areas.

    c. Off-street parking loading and unloading space. Off-street loading and unloading space shall be provided for all retail, restaurant, and industrial uses except those in the C-1 districts. The loading space shall be accessible to delivery vehicles without blocking streets, access ways, or required parking spaces.

    d. Refuse collection area. A facility for refuse containers accessible to refuse collection trucks shall be provided for all multi-family and nonresidential buildings. Such facilities shall be screened by a solid fence, or enclosure, and shall measure a minimum of six (6) feet in height, with landscaping. A concrete pad must be provided for all dumpsters.

    e. Parking spaces.

    1. Angled parking spaces shall measure a minimum of ten (10) feet in width and twenty (20) feet in length, except where wheel stops are placed at the edge of a landscaped area at the head of the parking spaces, parking spaces eighteen (18) feet in length may be permitted.

    2. Parallel parking spaces shall measure a minimum of ten (10) feet in width and twenty-four (24) feet in length.

    3. Handicapped parking spaces shall measure twenty (20) feet in length and twelve (12) feet in width with a five-foot wide hatched area.

    f. Parking access drives and aisles.

    1. Access drives. Drives accessing parking areas shall be a minimum of twenty-four (24) feet wide for two-way traffic and twelve (12) feet wide for one-way traffic.

    2. Access aisles. In parking areas with fifty (50) or more parking spaces, aisles between two (2) rows of parking spaces shall be designed for two-way traffic unless specifically approved to be one-way by the planning board. In parking areas with under fifty (50) spaces, access aisle widths shall be dependent upon the angle of the parking spaces as shown in Table 23-306A.

    TABLE 23-306A
    PARKING LOT AISLE WIDTH

    ANGLE OF PARKING SPACES REQUIRED AISLE WIDTH
    90 degrees or less 24 feet, 2-way traffic flow
    60 degrees 18 feet, 1-way traffic flow
    45 degrees 13 feet, 1-way traffic flow
    30 degrees 11 feet, 1-way traffic flow
    Parallel 12 feet, 1-way traffic flow

     

     

    g. Pedestrian circulation in parking areas. Parking areas shall be designed to provide safe conditions for pedestrians.

    1. In parking areas with fifty (50) spaces or more, walkways shall be provided between parking rows and building entrances.

    2. Sidewalks with a minimum width of five (5) feet shall be provided where pedestrians must walk between a building and a vehicular travel way to reach the building entrance from the parking area.

    3. Parking areas shall be located on the side(s) of buildings where there are entrances to the building and shall not be located in the rear yards of buildings unless specifically approved by the planning board upon a recommendation from the police chief.

    4. Accessible routes shall be provided from off-site sidewalks to on-site sidewalks and from parking spaces to building entrances as required by the Florida Building Code.

    h. Off-street parking area shall have a properly maintained landscaped separation strip with irrigation, at least five (5) feet in width along all streets on which the off-street parking area is located. Vehicular wheel stops or barriers shall also be properly located along the edge of the required separation strip. See section 23-307 for landscaping requirements.

    (Ord. No. 2008-45, § 9, 12-16-08; Ord. No. 2017-20, § 1, 11-21-17)

    Sec. 23-306.3 Number of off-street parking spaces required. The number of required spaces for each type of land use is set forth in Table 23-306B. The number of required spaces for handicapped persons is set forth in Table 23-306C. Required parking shall be determined by the planning board for uses not specified.

    Existing off-street parking area for any premises shall not be reduced unless it exceeds the requirement of this ordinance.

    TABLE 23-306B
    MINIMUM AUTOMOBILE OFF-STREET
    PARKING SPACE REQUIREMENTS

    TYPES OF
    BUILDING & USES
    MINIMUM NUMBER OF
    PARKING SPACES REQUIRED
    RESIDENTIAL (See also LODGINGS)
    One, Two-family dwelling 2 per dwelling unit
    Multi-family dwelling 1.5 per dwelling unit
    Dwelling unit for caretaker/watchman employed on premises 2 per dwelling unit
    AMUSEMENT ESTABLISHMENT, INDOOR
    Game rooms, bowling alleys, theaters, etc. 0.4 per seat based on maximum capacity of place of assembly;
    or 0.3 per person based on maximum capacity;
    or 1.0 per 50 sq ft of floor area devoted to assembly or recreation use
    AMUSEMENT ESTABLISHMENT, OUTDOOR
      3 per hole for golf courses,
    1 per 6 seats or 10 linear feet of bench seating for spectator sports,
    1 per player or station for non-spectator sports
    AUTOMOTIVE USES
    Automotive dealerships 1 space per 250 sf of retail sales area, plus 1 space per 1000sf of outside display area.
    Automotive repair 1 per bay for auto repair, plus 0.5 per 100sf of GFA.
    EDUCATION & RELIGIOUS
    School Elementary/intermediate: 3 per classroom Secondary: 6 per classroom
    School, training 10 per classroom or 1 per 3 students based upon maximum enrollment
    Cultural Facility 1 per 3 seats or if no fixed seats, 1.0 per 100 sq. ft. of floor or land area devoted to assembly or visitor use
    Day Care 1 per full-time or equivalent staff member plus 1 per 5 permitted children.
    Religious Establishment 0.3 per seat based upon maximum capacity of auditorium or principal place of assembly
    FOOD SERVICE
    Catering service 1 per 100 sq. ft of building floor area
    Drive-through or Take-out (without seats) 1.0 per 50 sq. ft. of customer service area, min. 5 spaces
    Restaurant 1 per 3 seats based on maximum capacity plus 3 for drive-up or take-out service
    HEALTH CARE
    Health service 0.4 per 100 sq. ft. of building floor area plus 3.0 per doctor, practitioner, or full-time equivalent
    Hospital 1.4 per bed based on maximum patient capacity
    Medical office (one practitioner) 0.4 per 100 sq. ft. of building floor area plus 3 spaces
    Nursing Care Home .7 per bed based on maximum patient capacity
    Veterinarian and Animal Hospitals 1 per examination room plus 3 per veterinarian
    LODGINGS
    Lodging with restaurant 1.1 per sleeping unit, plus 4 per 50 units, plus 1.0 per resident manager plus 0.2 per restaurant seat based on maximum capacity
    Bed and Breakfast establishment 2 for the principal dwelling, plus 1.0 per guest room, plus 1.0 per person regularly employed on the premises
    Boarding house 1 per sleeping room plus 1 for resident manager
    Dormitory, Fraternity or Sorority House 1.5 per 2.0 students based upon maximum capacity plus 1 per resident manager
    Hotel or motel 1 per unit/room
    INDUSTRIAL USES
      0.7 per person employed on the largest shift
    PROFESSIONAL AND COMMERCIAL USES
    Construction support 1 per person employed on the largest shift plus 1 per 200 sq. ft. of customer service or merchandise sales area
    Funeral home 1.0 per 50 sq ft of floor or land area devoted to slumber rooms, parlors or individual mortuary rooms plus 0.3 per seat based on maximum capacity of funeral service chambers or chapel
    Kennel 1 per person employed on the largest shift plus 1 customer space per 10 animals based on maximum capacity plus 1 per 200 sq. ft. of customer service or merchandise sales area
    Laboratory 1 per 500 sq. ft. of floor area in laboratory plus 0.4 per 100 sq. ft. office
    Landscaping service 1.5 per person employed
    Mini-storage 2 for resident manager
    Office, non-medical 0.4 per 100 sq. ft. of building floor area
    Personal service 2 per customer station if applicable; if not applicable, 0.4 per 100 sq. ft.
    STORES
    Retail 1 per 200 sq. ft. of sales area for first 10,000 sq. ft. plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of sales area in excess of 10,000 sq. ft.
    PUBLIC AND GOVERNMENT
    Aircraft Establishment 1.5 per person employed at the facility plus 0.5 per 100 sq ft of building floor area devoted to retail sales
    Public Transportation Terminal 1.5 per person employed at the facility plus 0.5 per 100 sq ft of building floor area devoted to retail sales
    The minimum off-street parking space requirements for trucks shall be 1.0 space for every truck operated by the establishment on the premises.

     

     

    TABLE 23-306C
    HANDICAPPED ACCESSIBLE SPACES

    TOTAL PARKING SPACES REQUIRED ACCESSIBLE SPACES
    1 to 100 1 for each 25
    101 to 150 5
    151 to 200 6
    201 to 300 7
    301 to 400 8
    401 to 500 9
    501 to 1000 2% of total
    1001 and over 20 plus 1 for each 100 over 1000

     

     

(Ord. No. 2008-04, § 8, 2-19-08; Ord. No. 2017-20, § 1, 11-21-17; Ord. No. 2017-20, § 2, 11-21-17)